CENT is focused on a series of fundamental scientific questions addressing the knowledge gaps (KGs)

All KGs

Relating Selectivity and Separation Performance of Lamellar Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) Membranes to Nanosheet Stacking Behavior

Relating Selectivity and Separation Performance of Lamellar Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) Membranes to Nanosheet Stacking Behavior

X. Lu et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2020

[Read More]

Towards single-species selectivity of membranes with subnanometre pores

Towards single-species selectivity of membranes with subnanometre pores

R. Epsztein et al. Nature Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Breakdown of electroneutrality in nanopores

Breakdown of electroneutrality in nanopores

A. Levy et al. J. Coloid Inter. Sci, 2020

[Read More]

Continuum Theory of Electrostatic Correlations at Charged Surfaces

Continuum Theory of Electrostatic Correlations at Charged Surfaces

P. de Souza and M. Bazant, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2020

[Read More]

Strong Differential Monovalent Anion Selectivity in Narrow Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Strong Differential Monovalent Anion Selectivity in Narrow Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Z. Li et al. ACS Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Molecular polarizabilities as fingerprints of perturbations to water by ions and confinement

Molecular polarizabilities as fingerprints of perturbations to water by ions and confinement

V. Rozsa et al. J. Chem. Phys, 2020

[Read More]

Chemical Sensing and Chemoresponsive Pumping with Conical-Pore Polymeric Membranes

Chemical Sensing and Chemoresponsive Pumping with Conical-Pore Polymeric Membranes

S. Bush et al. Nanomaterials, 2020

[Read More]

Gating of Hydrophobic Nanopores with Large Anions

Gating of Hydrophobic Nanopores with Large Anions

J. Polster et al. ACS Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Charge Inversion and Calcium Gating in Mixtures of Ions in Nanopores

Charge Inversion and Calcium Gating in Mixtures of Ions in Nanopores

K. Lit et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2020

[Read More]

Similarities and differences between potassium and ammonium ions in liquid water: a first-principles study

Similarities and differences between potassium and ammonium ions in liquid water: a first-principles study

A. Fikret et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 2020

[Read More]

Electrodiffusioosmosis-Induced Negative Differential Resistance in pH-Regulated Mesopores Containing Purely Monovalent Solutions

Electrodiffusioosmosis-Induced Negative Differential Resistance in pH-Regulated Mesopores Containing Purely Monovalent Solutions

C.-Y. Lin et al. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020

[Read More]

Nanofluidic Transport Theory with Enhancement Factors Approaching One

Nanofluidic Transport Theory with Enhancement Factors Approaching One

M. Heiranian and N. Aluru, ACS Nano, 2019

[Read More]

Strong Electroosmotic Coupling Dominates Ion Conductance of 1.5 nm Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Strong Electroosmotic Coupling Dominates Ion Conductance of 1.5 nm Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Y.C. Yao et al. ACS Nano, 2019

[Read More]

Ab Initio Calculation of Equilibrium Isotopic Fractionations of Potassium and Rubidium in Minerals and Water

Ab Initio Calculation of Equilibrium Isotopic Fractionations of Potassium and Rubidium in Minerals and Water

H. Zeng, et al. ACS Earth Space Chem, 2019

[Read More]

Monte Carlo Simulations of Framework Defects in Layered Two-Dimensional Nanomaterial Desalination Membranes: Implications for Permeability and Selectivity

Monte Carlo Simulations of Framework Defects in Layered Two-Dimensional Nanomaterial Desalination Membranes: Implications for Permeability and Selectivity

C. L. Ritt et al. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2019

[Read More]

Theory of Surface Forces in Multivalent Electrolytes

Theory of Surface Forces in Multivalent Electrolytes

Misra et al. Langmuir, 2019

[Read More]

Single-defect spectroscopy in the shortwave infrared

Single-defect spectroscopy in the shortwave infrared

Wu et al. Nature Communication, 2019

[Read More]

Self‐Sorting of 10‐µm‐Long Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution

Self‐Sorting of 10‐µm‐Long Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution

Wang et al. Adv. Materials, 2019

[Read More]

Fluorescent Ultrashort Nanotubes from Defect-Induced Chemical Cutting

Fluorescent Ultrashort Nanotubes from Defect-Induced Chemical Cutting

Y. Li et al. Chem. Mater, 2019

[Read More]

Electrokinetic Phenomena in Organic Solvents

Electrokinetic Phenomena in Organic Solvents

R. Lucas et al. J.Phys.Chem. B 2019

[Read More]

Modulation of Charge Density and Charge Polarity of Nanopore Wall by Salt Gradient and Voltage

Modulation of Charge Density and Charge Polarity of Nanopore Wall by Salt Gradient and Voltage

C. Lin et al. ACS Nano, 2019

[Read More]

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

S. Faucher et al. J. Phys. Chem C, 2019

[Read More]

Activation behavior for ion permeation in ion-exchange membranes: Role of ion dehydration in selective transport

Activation behavior for ion permeation in ion-exchange membranes: Role of ion dehydration in selective transport

R. Epsztein et al. J. Membrane Science, 2019

[Read More]

Liquids with Lower Wettability Can Exhibit Higher Friction on Hexagonal Boron Nitride: The Intriguing Role of Solid−Liquid Electrostatic Interactions

Liquids with Lower Wettability Can Exhibit Higher Friction on Hexagonal Boron Nitride: The Intriguing Role of Solid−Liquid Electrostatic Interactions

A. Govind Rajan et al. Nano Letters, 2019

[Read More]

KG1

KG1: Slip Flow Enhancement in Single-Digit Nanopores (SDNs) is Unexpectedly Enormous

Strong Differential Monovalent Anion Selectivity in Narrow Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Strong Differential Monovalent Anion Selectivity in Narrow Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Z. Li et al. ACS Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Nanofluidic Transport Theory with Enhancement Factors Approaching One

Nanofluidic Transport Theory with Enhancement Factors Approaching One

M. Heiranian and N. Aluru, ACS Nano, 2019

[Read More]

Strong Electroosmotic Coupling Dominates Ion Conductance of 1.5 nm Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Strong Electroosmotic Coupling Dominates Ion Conductance of 1.5 nm Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Y.C. Yao et al. ACS Nano, 2019

[Read More]

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

S. Faucher et al. J. Phys. Chem C, 2019

[Read More]

Liquids with Lower Wettability Can Exhibit Higher Friction on Hexagonal Boron Nitride: The Intriguing Role of Solid−Liquid Electrostatic Interactions

Liquids with Lower Wettability Can Exhibit Higher Friction on Hexagonal Boron Nitride: The Intriguing Role of Solid−Liquid Electrostatic Interactions

A. Govind Rajan et al. Nano Letters, 2019

[Read More]

KG2

KG2: Fluid Phase Transitions in SDNs Deviate Significantly from Bulk Fluids

Molecular polarizabilities as fingerprints of perturbations to water by ions and confinement

Molecular polarizabilities as fingerprints of perturbations to water by ions and confinement

V. Rozsa et al. J. Chem. Phys, 2020

[Read More]

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

S. Faucher et al. J. Phys. Chem C, 2019

[Read More]

KG3

KG3: Phase-Separation under Confinement for Novel Separation Mechanisms

Self‐Sorting of 10‐µm‐Long Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution

Self‐Sorting of 10‐µm‐Long Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution

Wang et al. Adv. Materials, 2019

[Read More]

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

S. Faucher et al. J. Phys. Chem C, 2019

[Read More]

KG4

KG4: Defects Impose an Outsized Impact on SDN Transport

Relating Selectivity and Separation Performance of Lamellar Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) Membranes to Nanosheet Stacking Behavior

Relating Selectivity and Separation Performance of Lamellar Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) Membranes to Nanosheet Stacking Behavior

X. Lu et al. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2020

[Read More]

Monte Carlo Simulations of Framework Defects in Layered Two-Dimensional Nanomaterial Desalination Membranes: Implications for Permeability and Selectivity

Monte Carlo Simulations of Framework Defects in Layered Two-Dimensional Nanomaterial Desalination Membranes: Implications for Permeability and Selectivity

C. L. Ritt et al. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2019

[Read More]

Single-defect spectroscopy in the shortwave infrared

Single-defect spectroscopy in the shortwave infrared

Wu et al. Nature Communication, 2019

[Read More]

Self‐Sorting of 10‐µm‐Long Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution

Self‐Sorting of 10‐µm‐Long Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution

Wang et al. Adv. Materials, 2019

[Read More]

Fluorescent Ultrashort Nanotubes from Defect-Induced Chemical Cutting

Fluorescent Ultrashort Nanotubes from Defect-Induced Chemical Cutting

Y. Li et al. Chem. Mater, 2019

[Read More]

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

S. Faucher et al. J. Phys. Chem C, 2019

[Read More]

KG5

KG5: Correlated Transport of Ions can Result from Confinement in SDNs

Breakdown of electroneutrality in nanopores

Breakdown of electroneutrality in nanopores

A. Levy et al. J. Coloid Inter. Sci, 2020

[Read More]

Strong Differential Monovalent Anion Selectivity in Narrow Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Strong Differential Monovalent Anion Selectivity in Narrow Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Z. Li et al. ACS Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Molecular polarizabilities as fingerprints of perturbations to water by ions and confinement

Molecular polarizabilities as fingerprints of perturbations to water by ions and confinement

V. Rozsa et al. J. Chem. Phys, 2020

[Read More]

Charge Inversion and Calcium Gating in Mixtures of Ions in Nanopores

Charge Inversion and Calcium Gating in Mixtures of Ions in Nanopores

K. Lit et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2020

[Read More]

Electrodiffusioosmosis-Induced Negative Differential Resistance in pH-Regulated Mesopores Containing Purely Monovalent Solutions

Electrodiffusioosmosis-Induced Negative Differential Resistance in pH-Regulated Mesopores Containing Purely Monovalent Solutions

C.-Y. Lin et al. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020

[Read More]

Strong Electroosmotic Coupling Dominates Ion Conductance of 1.5 nm Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Strong Electroosmotic Coupling Dominates Ion Conductance of 1.5 nm Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

Y.C. Yao et al. ACS Nano, 2019

[Read More]

Ab Initio Calculation of Equilibrium Isotopic Fractionations of Potassium and Rubidium in Minerals and Water

Ab Initio Calculation of Equilibrium Isotopic Fractionations of Potassium and Rubidium in Minerals and Water

H. Zeng, et al. ACS Earth Space Chem, 2019

[Read More]

Theory of Surface Forces in Multivalent Electrolytes

Theory of Surface Forces in Multivalent Electrolytes

Misra et al. Langmuir, 2019

[Read More]

Electrokinetic Phenomena in Organic Solvents

Electrokinetic Phenomena in Organic Solvents

R. Lucas et al. J.Phys.Chem. B 2019

[Read More]

Modulation of Charge Density and Charge Polarity of Nanopore Wall by Salt Gradient and Voltage

Modulation of Charge Density and Charge Polarity of Nanopore Wall by Salt Gradient and Voltage

C. Lin et al. ACS Nano, 2019

[Read More]

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

S. Faucher et al. J. Phys. Chem C, 2019

[Read More]

KG6

KG6: SDNs can Exploit Nanoscale Solvation for New Separation Mechanisms

Towards single-species selectivity of membranes with subnanometre pores

Towards single-species selectivity of membranes with subnanometre pores

R. Epsztein et al. Nature Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Continuum Theory of Electrostatic Correlations at Charged Surfaces

Continuum Theory of Electrostatic Correlations at Charged Surfaces

P. de Souza and M. Bazant, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2020

[Read More]

Molecular polarizabilities as fingerprints of perturbations to water by ions and confinement

Molecular polarizabilities as fingerprints of perturbations to water by ions and confinement

V. Rozsa et al. J. Chem. Phys, 2020

[Read More]

Gating of Hydrophobic Nanopores with Large Anions

Gating of Hydrophobic Nanopores with Large Anions

J. Polster et al. ACS Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Similarities and differences between potassium and ammonium ions in liquid water: a first-principles study

Similarities and differences between potassium and ammonium ions in liquid water: a first-principles study

A. Fikret et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 2020

[Read More]

Ab Initio Calculation of Equilibrium Isotopic Fractionations of Potassium and Rubidium in Minerals and Water

Ab Initio Calculation of Equilibrium Isotopic Fractionations of Potassium and Rubidium in Minerals and Water

H. Zeng, et al. ACS Earth Space Chem, 2019

[Read More]

Electrokinetic Phenomena in Organic Solvents

Electrokinetic Phenomena in Organic Solvents

R. Lucas et al. J.Phys.Chem. B 2019

[Read More]

Modulation of Charge Density and Charge Polarity of Nanopore Wall by Salt Gradient and Voltage

Modulation of Charge Density and Charge Polarity of Nanopore Wall by Salt Gradient and Voltage

C. Lin et al. ACS Nano, 2019

[Read More]

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

S. Faucher et al. J. Phys. Chem C, 2019

[Read More]

Activation behavior for ion permeation in ion-exchange membranes: Role of ion dehydration in selective transport

Activation behavior for ion permeation in ion-exchange membranes: Role of ion dehydration in selective transport

R. Epsztein et al. J. Membrane Science, 2019

[Read More]

KG7

KG7: SDNs can Exploit Charge Exclusion to Significantly Enhance Selectivity

Towards single-species selectivity of membranes with subnanometre pores

Towards single-species selectivity of membranes with subnanometre pores

R. Epsztein et al. Nature Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Continuum Theory of Electrostatic Correlations at Charged Surfaces

Continuum Theory of Electrostatic Correlations at Charged Surfaces

P. de Souza and M. Bazant, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2020

[Read More]

Chemical Sensing and Chemoresponsive Pumping with Conical-Pore Polymeric Membranes

Chemical Sensing and Chemoresponsive Pumping with Conical-Pore Polymeric Membranes

S. Bush et al. Nanomaterials, 2020

[Read More]

Gating of Hydrophobic Nanopores with Large Anions

Gating of Hydrophobic Nanopores with Large Anions

J. Polster et al. ACS Nano, 2020

[Read More]

Similarities and differences between potassium and ammonium ions in liquid water: a first-principles study

Similarities and differences between potassium and ammonium ions in liquid water: a first-principles study

A. Fikret et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 2020

[Read More]

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

Critical Knowledge Gaps in Mass Transport through Single-Digit Nanopores: A Review and Perspective

S. Faucher et al. J. Phys. Chem C, 2019

[Read More]

Activation behavior for ion permeation in ion-exchange membranes: Role of ion dehydration in selective transport

Activation behavior for ion permeation in ion-exchange membranes: Role of ion dehydration in selective transport

R. Epsztein et al. J. Membrane Science, 2019

[Read More]